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Prime Minister:
Shinzo Abe
Capital:
Tokyo
Area:
total: 377,915 sq km
land: 364,485 sq km
water: 13,430 sq km

Coastline:
29,751 km
Climate:
varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north
Natural Resources:
negligible mineral resources, fish
Irrigated Land:
24,690 sq km
Natural hazards:
many dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors but occasional severe earthquakes) every year; tsunamis; typhoons
Environment-international agreements:
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Population & its structure:
Total :126,702,133 (July 2016 est.)
0-14 years: 12.97% (male 8,472,869/female 7,963,782)
15-24 years: 9.67% (male 6,436,935/female 5,813,222)
25-54 years: 37.68% (male 23,593,194/female 24,145,406)
55-64 years: 12.4% (male 7,867,611/female 7,840,141)
65 years and over: 27.28% (male 15,080,738/female 19,488,235) (2016 est.)


Birth rate:
7.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
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